Inhe wrote a book with the title Warrior without Weapons about his experiences. He founded the anaesthesiology department of the Cantonal Hospital in Geneva and became the first professor in this discipline at the University of Geneva. Inhe was appointed a member of the ICRC and, after many more missions for this institution, was Vice-President from until his death in
A legal rule of the time allowed Junod and his two younger sisters to obtain Genevan citizenship. In order to earn a living, his mother and aunt opened a boarding house. As a student, he volunteered in charity work and directed the Relief Movement for Russian Children in Geneva.
Due to generous financial support from his uncle Henri-Alexandre Junod he was able to follow his aspirations and study medicine in Geneva and Strasbourgobtaining his MD in He opted for special training in the field of surgery and interned at hospitals in Geneva and MulhouseFrance — He would remain in Ethiopia until the end of the Abyssinian War in May Because of his experience in law, Sidney Brown worked on the establishment of an effective national Red Cross Society in Ethiopia.
Some of the most difficult experiences for Junod during the war involved the attacks on Red Cross ambulances by the Italian military and Ethiopian armed groups.
A bombing of a Swedish ambulance on December 30, killed 28 Red Cross workers and patients and wounded He was also witness to a number of horrific episodes in this war characterized by the extreme gap in technological capabilities of the two sides.
Among other events, he witnessed the bombardment of the city Dessie by the Italian air force, the use of mustard gas against civilian populations in the towns of Degehabur and Sassabanehand the plundering of Addis Ababa in the final days of the war.
Men were stretched out everywhere beneath the trees. There must have been thousands of them. As I came closer, my heart in my mouth, I could see horrible suppurating burns on their feet and on their emaciated limbs.
Life was already leaving bodies burned with mustard gas. But who was to have pity? Who was to help them in their suffering? There were no doctors available and our ambulances had been destroyed. ICRC, Geneva,p. Once again Junod was selected. The activities of the Red Cross were hindered by the problem that the Geneva Conventions had no legal application to civil conflicts.
As a solution, Junod suggested the creation of a new combined commission with representatives of the ICRC and of the warring sides, but the parties could not agree.
The commission would have coordinated work on the release of captured women and children, the erection of neutral international zones, and the compilation of prisoner lists.
Before the fall of Barcelona he achieved the release of five thousand prisoners whose lives were endangered by fighting for the city. He also organized research and information exchange regarding prisoners and missing persons using the Red Cross card system for the first time in the context of civil conflict, and by the end of the war the ICRC had facilitated the exchange of five million cards.
Someone was on the other side of the line and his nearest did not even know whether he was alive or dead. For a long time I had realized that this uncertainty was the greatest agony of all. I had seen too many trembling hand stretched out for the sheet of paper that we had at last succeeded in getting from one side to the other: There was not much on it: Often when it came back the censor had left only the signature on it, but at least it was proof that a loved one was still alive.
And then the eyes which read the name and the signature would fill with tears of joy. He started his mission on September 16, in Berlin and for a long time remained the only ICRC delegate in Germany and its soon-to-be occupied territories. Only eleven days later, on September 27, he visited a camp with Polish prisoners of war.
In June he succeeded in preventing a series of threatened executions of French POWswhich had been planned as retaliation for the falsely assumed execution of German paratroopers.
Yet the civil population effort was not part of the legally defined role of the ICRC and would not be so until the Fourth Geneva Convention.Author: Marcel Junod An account of Dr Junod's experiences between and on missions which took him first to Abyssinia and air raids with mustard gas bombs, then to Spain, Poland, Germany and lastly to Japan, where he was one of the first foreign doctors to observe the horrific effects of the atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
"The First Atom Bomb By Marcel Junod" Essays and Research Papers The First Atom Bomb By Marcel Junod The Manhattan Project World War II started on September 1 , when Germany attacked Poland. Mar 06, · This feature is not available right now.
Please try again later. When the World War broke out in , Marcel Junod was first incorporated as a medical officer in the health services of the Swiss Army, but a few days later, the ICRC intervened and sent him first to Germany, where on September 27, he visited the first camp of Polish prisoners of war.
Aug 11, · Visiting Hiroshima - Marcel Junod (14/5/04 /6/61) Today marks the 68th anniversary of the devastating effects of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, which killed between 70, and 80, people and injured more than 70, others.
Marcel Junod was the first foreign doctor to reach Hiroshima after the atom bomb attack on 6 August Junod, the new head of the ICRC's delegation in Japan, arrived in Tokyo on 9 August - .