Background[ edit ] A grant proposal normally requests funding to support activities that are consistent with the mission of the grant agency. Most large corporations have philanthropic programs offering grants to help local colleges and universities, arts organizations, and social services. Usually, the background information is found in the areas of concept program and expenses.
Updated in by Christine Black. Originally produced by Don Thackrey. Introduction Writing a proposal for a sponsored activity such as a research project or a curriculum development program is a problem of persuasion.
It is well to assume that your reader is a busy, impatient, skeptical person who has no reason to give your proposal special consideration and who is faced with many more requests than he can grant, or even read thoroughly. Such a reader wants to find out quickly and easily the answers to these questions.
What do you want to do, how much will it cost, and how much time will it take? How does the proposed project relate to the sponsor's interests?
What difference will the project make to: What has already been done in the area of your project? How do you plan to do it?
How will the results be evaluated or analyzed? Why should you, rather than someone else, do this project? These questions will be answered in different ways and receive different emphases depending on the nature of the proposed project and on the agency to which the proposal is being submitted.
Most agencies provide detailed instructions or guidelines concerning the preparation of proposals and, in some cases, forms on which proposals are to be uploaded ; obviously, such guidelines should be studied carefully before you begin writing the draft.
The principal investigator needs to keep in mind that a Grant Proposal is as much a marketing document as an intellectual document. Preliminary Steps You will benefit by consulting a few key individuals at an early stage in the planning of the proposal. Regardless of the funding agency, it is advisable and sometimes required to contact the program officer for the purposes of introducing yourself and your work.
Let him or her know that you plan to apply, and seek their input on the program relevance of your proposed work. The PO also can discuss the latest agency guidelines, and can explain funding peculiarities that might affect your preparation of the proposal, such as the review process.
In most cases, email the individual with a brief message introducing yourself and your project. Request a follow-up phone call and leave your contact information. If you have not heard from the PO in a week or so, follow up with a phone call. Your department research administrator.
This person will greatly appreciate advanced notice of your intent to submit as he or she will likely help you prepare the budget and application for submission, and will oversee the internal routing process of the Proposal Approval Form.
The research administrator may also refer you to others on campus who may assist in issues such as human subjects review, the use of animals, potential conflicts of interest, off-campus work, subcontracting, space rental, staff additions, consultants, equipment purchase, biological hazards, proprietary material, cost sharing, and many other matters.
The department chair, whom you will eventually ask to approve the proposal and thereby endorse your plans for personnel and facility commitments, should be informed of your intentions and especially of any aspect of the proposed project that might conceivably affect departmental administration or your departmental duties.
Early discussion of potential problems will smooth the way for the proposal.
Several schools and colleges have associate deans with special responsibilities for sponsored programs. These persons can provide valuable help and advice both in substantive and administrative matters. They also may be able to suggest key collaborators or resources, and perhaps will be willing to review a draft before submission.The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted.
The design. Writing a concept paper is a good exercise in defining your priorities and mission, and can be a useful tool in obtaining valuable feedback before "diving into" the full proposal. Organize your concept paper with three sections, which are discussed in more detail below.
A research proposal is a document proposing a research project, generally in the sciences or academia, and generally constitutes a request for sponsorship of that research. Proposals are evaluated on the cost and potential impact of the proposed research, and on the soundness of the proposed plan for carrying it out.
Research proposals generally address several key points.
Proposal Writing Is Its Own Genre. The writing required for a research proposal is not like other, more familiar, forms of writing. Readers of your proposal want to know. 3 A GUIDE FOR PROPOSAL WRITING INTRODUCTION The staff of the Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) .
Writing a proposal is similar to but not exactly the same as crafting a persuasive essay or producing a report. Here are suggestions for developing a proposal, including some pertinent to its specific purpose.